Pathophysiology and Diagnosis of Symptoms of Sports Injuries. In general pathophysiology of injury begins when cells are damaged, the cells would secrete chemical mediators that stimulate the occurrence of inflammation. The mediator which include histamine, bradykinin, prostaglandins and leukotrienes. The chemical mediators can cause vasodilatation as well as the withdrawal of the population of immune cells to the site of injury.
Physiologically, the body's response known as inflammation process. This inflammatory process and then gradually decline with the regeneration process of cell damage or such networks (Van Mechelen et al. 1992). In addition based on signs and symptoms of inflammation, the diagnosis is made based on information from patients about the activities done and examination results support.
Symptoms of Sports Injuries
Signs of acute sports injuries that commonly occur is a sign of the body's inflammatory response in the form of tumor (swelling), heat (increased temperature), rubor (red), dolor (pain) and functio leissa (decreasing function).
Pain first appeared when the muscle fibers or tendons limited number began experiencing tear. In addition to the pain appears sign of inflammation such as swelling, redness, heat and decreasing function. In the process of further signs of inflammation will slowly starting to disappear.
If early sign of inflammation is quite severe, usually the pain is still felt until several days after an injury. Weakness function of a decrease in strength and limited range of motion is also frequently found (Stevenson et al. 2000).
Diagnostic sports injuries
Diagnostic sports injuries done to complement the information obtained from the anamnesis (interview with the patient) and physical examination. Diagnostic tests performed may include CT scan MRI, arthroscopy, elektromyografi and x-rays.
That, pathophysiology and diagnosis of sports injuries. Hopefully, this article sports injuries can be useful to readers. Thank you.